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Happiness~ Hello, we are Red Velvet.

—Red Velvet

Red Velvet (레드벨벳) is a five-member girl group under SM Entertainment. They debuted as four on August 1, 2014 with the single "Happiness". Yeri was added to the group in March 2015.

The group's name represents its concept, defined by two different images, "Red" and "Velvet". "Red" signifies their vivid and bold image, whereas "Velvet" reflects their classy and toned-down side. Songs like "Happiness", "Ice Cream Cake", and "Dumb Dumb" falling into the "Red" concept, in contrast to "Be Natural", "Automatic", and "One of These Nights" which falls into the "Velvet" concept, with "Russian Roulette" and "Rookie" falling in both "Red" and "Velvet" concepts.



Before their debut, Irene, Seulgi, Wendy, and Yeri were previously part SM Rookies, SM Entertainment's pre-debut team of trainees under SR14G (SMROOKIES 2014 Girls). The members appeared in multiple music videos and posted their own content using SM Rookies. Seulgi was the first to be recruited in 2007 through SM Saturday Open Audition and made a cameo in Henry's "Fantastic". Irene became a trainee of SM Entertainment back in 2009, and made a cameo in Henry's "1-4-3 (I Love You)". Wendy was recruited in 2012 during SM Global Audition in Canada, and released an OST for drama Mimi. Joy was recruited through SM Global Audition in Seoul in 2012. Finally, Yeri was casted from SM Global Audition in US in 2011.

2014: Debut with "Happiness" and "Be Natural"

Promo for "Happiness"

In July 28, Irene, Seulgi, and Wendy were rumored to debut as a group, thus graduating from SM Rookies, which was confirmed by SM Entertainment, with Joy being added to the group also. Red Velvet's debut marked the company's first girl group in five years, after f(x). After multiple teasers, on August 1, the music video for "Happiness" was released, with member Yeri making a cameo, but due to the controversial imagery concerning the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the events of 9/11, the music video was taken down, on the same day, they made their official debut stage on Music Bank.[1] On August 4, the music video was replaced without the concerning images, and the digital single was released. The song was a commercial success, placing high on national and international charts.

Promo for "Be Natural"

On October 9, the group released the music video to, "Be Natural", which is a remake of their labelmate, S.E.S., song of the same title.[2] The song featured labelmate & NCT member Taeyong (who, at the time was under SR14B, or SMROOKIES 2014 Boys), and original choreography seen in a pre-debut teaser of Irene and Seulgi, which they performed as part of S.M. Rookies.[3] On the same day, they began promotions for the song with their first appearance on the music program M Countdown.[4] On October 14, they released the digital single for the song.

2015: Addition of Yeri, "Automatic", Ice Cream Cake, The Red, and "Wish Tree"

Promo for "Automatic"

On March 10, it was announced that Red Velvet will make a comeback as a five-member group, with SM releasing an introduction video to their official YouTube channel to welcome the newest member of the group, Yeri. On the same day, they announced that their first mini-album is named Ice Cream Cake, with the title song of the same name. On March 13, the music video teaser was released for "Ice Cream Cake", with the next day releasing the music video for "Automatic". On March 15, Red Velvet released the album, with the accompanying music video for the title song, "Ice Cream Cake". The song was a critical success, topping multiple charts and managed to grab their first music show win on March 27, on Music Bank, following with other wins as well.

Promo for "Ice Cream Cake"

On March 22, the group had their first overseas performance of "Ice Cream Cake" and their first as a 5-member group in an SMTOWN concert held in Taiwan. On August 2, the group had their first promotions in the United States at KCON LA at the Staples Center in downtown Los Angeles. The group participated in a fan engagement session at the Los Angeles Convention Center and performed songs, "Ice Cream Cake", "Somethin' Kinda Crazy", and "Happiness" during the concert.

Promo for The Red

On September 3, Red Velvet started posting series of mysterious red blocks on their official Instagram feed, after posting throughout the day, it was revealed to be a massive grid of the track list of their upcoming album The Red, announcing their comeback. The Red will focus on their vivid and strong "Red" image. The next day, it was revealed that the title track for the album will be "Dumb Dumb" and a teaser for the music video was released. After multiple teasers, on September 9, the album came out while the music video for "Dumb Dumb" came out the day before. The song was described as an uptempo pop dance track with a groovy beat and addictive hook, with the lyrics about a girl who can't help but act awkward around her crush. The group made their comeback stage on M Countdown on September 10. The album was an immediate success which was received positively by critics, topping multiple national and international charts. The title song was critically acclaimed, placing high in various music charts, and winning multiple music shows. On December 18, the group took part in S.M. Entertainment's special winter project Winter Garden, alongside label-mates f(x) and BoA, releasing a digital single titled "Wish Tree".

2016: The Velvet and Russian Roulette

Promo for The Velvet

While promoting their last album at a press conference on September 8, 2015, the members and the company hinted at a follow-up album to The Red, with member Wendy confirming the release a month after. On March 1, an SM Entertainment representative confirmed the album, and 10 days later, an image of Yeri in a pink dress appeared, with a hashtag confirming the title of the album to be The Velvet. The album focuses on their smooth and soft "Velvet" image. After multiple teasers were dropped, the group confirmed the title song to be "One of These Nights" and a comeback date of March 16, but the date was delayed to a day later to ensure better high quality of work. On March 17, they released the album and the accompanying music video for the title song. The song was described as an R&B ballad with a polished rhythm, and was based on the Korean festival of Chilseok, which is celebrated on the seventh the day of the seventh month ("7월7일"), hence the romanization name. The original tale tells the story of lovers Jiknyeo and Gyeonwu, who were separated by the heavenly king and were only allowed to meet on the seventh day of the seventh month of the lunar calendar. The song was a success, topping multiple charts and managing to win multiple music shows.

Promo for Russian Roulette

On August 19, it was announced that Red Velvet will make a comeback sometime in September. On September 1, the group’s website changed to an animation of a heart that’s pierced by an arrow reading the words "Russian Roulette", and in their Instagram, they uploaded various pictures, forming a picture of Wendy.[5] On the same day, more teasers were released portraying the words "Russian Roulette"[6] From September 1 to September 5, individual teaser photos were released in the following order: Joy,[7] Irene,[8] Seulgi,[9] Yeri,[10] and Wendy.[11] After multiple teasers, it was revealed that the title song will be the same name as the album, with a comeback date of September 7.[8] The music video teaser was released on September 6 with the album and the music video being released on September 7.[12][13] The song "Russian Roulette" is described as a synthpop song that has an arcade sound feel with a retro 8-bit sound source. Its lyrics compare the process of winning someone's heart with a game of Russian Roulette. On September 9, it was revealed that the comeback date for the album kept postponing, and on September 13, it was revealed that "Russian Roulette" was written before they debuted. They heard the song then, when they were still trainees, not realizing they would release it. The song was a success, placing high in multiple charts.

2017: Rookie, "Would U", fandom name, The Red Summer, and Perfect Velvet

Promo for Rookie

On January 20, it was announced that the group will have a comeback in February. Four days later, the first batch of teasers were released through SM Entertainment's official website and their official Instagram account, with the release date shown on one of the photos, with the comeback date at February 1 and the album title of Rookie, and it was confirmed that the title song was to have the same name as the album.[14] On January 24, teaser photos of the group and Seulgi were released with Wendy's being released the following day.[14][15] On January 26, the first teaser clip of the music video was released.[16] Teaser photos of Irene were released January 27, with the second music video teaser clip being released the next day.[16][17] Joy's and Yeri's teaser photos were released on January 29 and January 30, respectively.[18][19] The track list, along with two new group photos were released on January 31.[20] After multiple teasers, the album and the title song came out on February 1.[21] The song "Rookie" was described as a pop-funk single that draws on Red Velvet’s unconventional musicality to combine low-key sing-speaking and synth beats before blasting into the saccharine hook of a chorus. The song was critically acclaimed, winning multiple music shows and topping multiple charts.

On March 22, it was announced that Red Velvet will be releasing a single as the first artist to release music through STATION 2.[22] After releasing multiple teasers,[23][24] they finally released the single and music video, "Would U" on March 31. The song is described as a medium tempo pop song and features the actor Kim Min Jae in the music video.[25] On April 21, they released the acoustic version of the song, which did not include Joy due to scheduling conflicts.[26] Finally, on April 26, on their 1000 day anniversary, the group's fanclub name was announced to be "ReVeluv" which has dual meanings, as it sounds like the combination of the words “Red Velvet” and “love,” and “Level Up".[27]

Promo for The Red Summer

On June 23, it was announced that Red Velvet would be releasing a mini album in July for a summer comeback, which signifies the groups summer-esque concept since the "Happiness" era.[28] Around midnight on June 30, the first set of teasers were released through the company's official website, the group's official Instagram, and the group's official Twitter account which was created in the same month for more promotions.[29] Later that day, they posted another set of teasers which revealed the album title and the full track list which includes the title track, "Red Flavor".[29] From June 30 to July 4, the teaser photos for the then upcoming mini album in the following order: Irene,[30] Yeri,[31] Joy,[32] Seulgi,[33] and Wendy.[34] A music video teaser for the title track "Red Flavor" was released on July 8 with the album packaging preview being released on the next day.[35] The mini album and music video for "Red Flavor" was released digitally on July 9[36] and had its physical release on July 10. Around 2 hours after the release of The Red Summer on July 9, the song "Red Flavor" topped 7 Korean digital music charts along with the rest of the songs ranking high on the charts.[37] Internationally, the mini album was well received as they rose to first in eight different iTunes Worldwide Album Charts along with topping the iTunes Kpop charts in eight additional countries.[38]

Promo for Perfect Velvet

On November 8, they released the first teasers for the new album, Perfect Velvet, which was released on November 17, this new album is focused on the group's Velvet side.[39] In this album, each member was represented by a weapon: Irene's weapon is an axe, Seulgi's a knife, Wendy's a pair of scissors, Joy's a submachine gun, and Yeri's a beast.[39] On the same day, the group's official twitter launched a "timeline" that said that from the 8th until the 17th they would have teasers (of image and video) until the release of the album.[39] Finally, on the 17th, the album released along with the video-clip of its title track. The track is described as an uptempo pop dance, the album amounted to almost 36,000 copies, being Red Velvet's biggest selling album in a week.[39]

2018: The Perfect Red Velvet, Japanese debut, Summer Magic, and RBB

On January 24, the group's Twitter released teasers indicating that a new album called The Perfect Red Velvet would be released on the 29th of the same month.[40] This album is a repackage of their last album and the concept of this album is the mix of the Red side with Velvet.[40] The album consists of 3 new songs including the title, "Bad Boy", totaling 12 songs.[40]

2019: "Sappy", "Sayonara", 'The ReVe Festival' trilogy

On January 4, without any warning, SM posted on their YouTube channel a music video teaser for their new Japanese single "Sappy". The official music video came out two days later on the 6th.[41] On February 20, they released another Japanese single "Sayonara".[42] On April 29, a teaser was posted on the girls social media accounts announcing the release of their second Japanese mini album, Sappy.[43] On May 29, Red Velvet released their second Japanese mini album, Sappy. Both previous Japanese singles were on the album including the Japanese versions of "Peek-a-Boo", "Power Up", "Rookie", and a new song "Swimming Pool".[44]

Promo for ‘The ReVe Festival’ Finale

On June 19, Red Velvet released their sixth mini album 'The ReVe Festival' Day 1, along with the title track "Zimzalabim". It is the first entry of "The ReVe Festival" trilogy. On June 12th, individual member teasers along with song snippets began being teased on the group's official twitter account. The album was released a week later on June 19th and the mini album debuted atop the South Korean Gaon Album Chart. The mini album sold 185,821 copies in the first month, becoming Red Velvet's best selling album, surpassing Summer Magic.

2 months after the release of The ReVe Festival: Day 1, their seventh mini album, 'The ReVe Festival' Day 2, with its title track "Umpah Umpah" on August 20 was released. The final release of the trilogy, 'The ReVe Festival' Finale, was released on December 23, with the title track "Psycho". To promote The ReVe Festival trilogy, the group embarked on their third tour, La Rouge, which began in Seoul on November 23 and 24. The song attained outstanding success, despite promotions being cancelled due to Wendy's injury. The song as of now has 9 wins, surpassing both "Bad Boy" and "Red Flavor" and is currently tied with "Rookie".

2020: Irene & Seulgi unit debut, "Our Beloved BoA #4"

Promotional photo for Monster

On April 20, the local news SpoTV reported that members Seulgi and Irene were preparing to debut in the groups' first sub unit. Following the reports, SM Entertainment confirmed the unit, with a debut date set for June 15, 2020, however it was postponed, on the grounds that it needed additional production on the album, in order to achieve a higher quality of music. On June 21, it was announced that Red Velvet - Irene & Seulgi will make their debut on July 6 with their first mini album Monster.[45]

Promotional photo for "Our Beloved BoA #4"

On August 19, 2020, individual teaser photos for the group's cover of BoA's "Milky Way", as part of the 20th anniversary project Our Beloved BoA, were released. SM confirmed Wendy's return explaining that she has recovered significantly and will be participating in group activities at a level that does not strain her.[46]

On October 15, tvN confirmed Red Velvet as being the first artist for the OST lineup of the Korean drama Start Up.[47]

Promo for Like Water

2021: Solo debuts, Queendom

On March 10, 2021, SM Entertainment announced that Wendy will be making her solo debut in April.[48] On March 24, 2021, a teaser photo was released, confirmed that she will release her first mini album, Like Water, on April 5.[49]

Promo for Hello

On May 12, 2021, Star News reported that Joy would be releasing her first solo album at the end of the month. Her agency, SM, confirmed that she is working on a remake album and that a detailed schedule will be announced soon.[50] The digital single "Je T'aime" was pre-released on May 26, 2021, and the solo special album Hello was released on May 31, 2021, with the same name title track.

Promotional photo for Queendom

On June 9, Herald POP reported that Red Velvet is preparing for a comeback in August. It would be their first comeback in almost a year and a half after the release of 'The ReVe Festival' Finale.[51] On August 16, Red Velvet released their eighth mini album Queendom.[52]


Name Position(s) Color Years active
Irene (아이린) Leader, Main Rapper, Lead Dancer, Vocalist, Center, Visual      Pink 2014–present
Seulgi (슬기) Main Dancer, Lead Vocalist      Yellow 2014–present
Wendy (웬디) Main Vocalist      Blue 2014–present
Joy (조이) Lead Rapper, Vocalist      Green 2014–present
Yeri (예리) Vocalist, Rapper, Maknae      Purple 2015–present




Studio albums

Repackage albums

Mini albums

Summer mini albums

Digital singles

Remix singles




Mini albums

Digital singles


Japan tours


  • inteRView vol.5 with ReVeluv (2019)
  • inteRView vol.7 : Queendom (2021)


  • Lotte Pepero (2014)
  • Baskin Robbins (2015)
  • Meters/bonwe (2015–2016)
  • BLACK Martine SITBON (2015–2016)
  • Red Cross (2016)
  • The SAEM (2016–2017)
  • Toreore Chicken (2016–2017)
  • Lineage Red Knights (2017)
  • Korean Red Cross Youth (2017)
  • Skechers (2017)
  • Pro Baseball H2 (2017)
  • The Shilla Duty Free (2017–present)
  • Columbia Sportswear x Sorel Footwear (2017)
  • Etude House (2018–present)
  • Mobile Game 'Eternal Light' (2018–present)
  • LG V50 ThinQ (2019)
  • GMarket (2019–present)

Awards and nominations

Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Red Velvet


Main article: Red Velvet/Gallery


  1. SM Entertainment to Remove Controversial Scenes and Release New Edited MV for Red Velvet’s “Happiness”
  2. Allkpop: Red Velvet to return next week with a remake of S.E.S's 'Be Natural'
  3. Allkpop: Red Velvet reveal MV for 'Be Natural'!
  4. Allkpop: Red Velvet to kick off their comeback stages for 'Be Natural' this week + more teaser images
  5. Soompi: Red Velvet Shares First Teaser Image For Comeback With “Russian Roulette”
  6. Soompi: Red Velvet Continues Teasing “Russian Roulette” Comeback
  7. Soompi: Red Velvet Releases Joy’s “Russian Roulette” Teasers
  8. 8.0 8.1 Soompi: Red Velvet Drops Gorgeous Teasers For Irene + Confirms Comeback Date
  9. Soompi: Red Velvet Drops Seulgi’s Teasers + New Comeback Details
  10. Soompi: Red Velvet’s Yeri is Bold And Vibrant In New “Russian Roulette” Teasers
  11. Soompi: Red Velvet Drops Spunky Teasers Of Wendy For “Russian Roulette”
  12. Soompi: Watch: Red Velvet Plays Dangerous Games In Teaser Video For Comeback With “Russian Roulette”
  13. Red Velvet Plays “Russian Roulette” With Love In Crazy Fun Music Video
  14. 14.0 14.1 Soompi: Red Velvet Shares First Look At Comeback Through Cute Teaser Photos
  15. Soompi: Red Velvet Shares Wendy’s Batch Of Teaser Photos For Comeback With “Rookie”
  16. 16.0 16.1 Soompi: Watch: Red Velvet Shares Glimpse At Colorful “Rookie” MV With Teaser Clip
  17. Soompi: Red Velvet Shares Adorable New Set Of Teaser Photos, Featuring Member Irene
  18. Soompi: Red Velvet Reveals Joy’s Teaser Photos For Comeback With “Rookie”
  19. Soompi: Red Velvet’s Yeri Features In New Teaser Photos For Comeback With “Rookie”
  20. Soompi: Red Velvet Shares Track List, Group Photos, And A Look At Their Mini Album “Rookie”
  21. Soompi: Watch: Red Velvet Discovers Amazing Fantasy Worlds In “Rookie” MV
  22. Soompi: Red Velvet To Release New Music Through SM STATION Season 2
  23. Soompi: Update: Red Velvet Introduces Their Song In Cute Audio Teaser Of “Would U”
  24. Soompi: Watch: Red Velvet Shares Trailer For “Would U” MV
  25. Soompi: Watch: Irene And Kim Min Jae Are Sweet Lovers In Red Velvet’s “Would U” MV
  26. Soompi: Watch: Red Velvet Shares Perfect Live Acoustic Version of “Would U”
  27. Soompi: Red Velvet Finally Reveals Their Official Fan Club Name
  28. Soompi: Red Velvet To Make A Comeback In July
  29. 29.0 29.1 Soompi: Update: Red Velvet Shares Another Eerie New Teaser Image For Comeback With “The Red Summer”
  30. Soompi: Red Velvet’s Irene Features In Teaser Photos For Return With “The Red Summer”
  31. Soompi: Update: Red Velvet Shares Yeri’s New Teaser Photos For Comeback With “The Red Summer”
  32. Soompi: Red Velvet Shares Joy’s Teaser Photos For Comeback With “The Red Summer”
  33. Soompi: Update: Red Velvet’s Seulgi Features In More Summery Teasers For Comeback
  34. Soompi: Update: Red Velvet Reveals New Teaser Photos Featuring Wendy For “The Red Summer”
  35. Soompi: Update: Red Velvet Unveils Format And Design Of “The Red Summer” Album
  36. Watch: Red Velvet Tastes The “Red Flavor” In New MV
  37. Soompi: Red Velvet Tops 7 Korean Digital Music Charts With New Title Track “Red Flavor”
  38. Soompi: Red Velvet Tops Worldwide Album Charts With “The Red Summer”
  39. 39.0 39.1 39.2 39.3 Soompi: Update: Red Velvet Shares Preview Of “Peek-A-Boo” Ahead Of Upcoming Comeback
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 Soompi: Update: Red Velvet Slays In New Teaser Images For “The Perfect Red Velvet”
  41. Allkpop: Red Velvet lay on the rooftop in 'Sappy' MV teaser
  42. @RVsmtown on Twitter (February 20, 2019)
  43. @RVsmtown on Twitter (April 29, 2019)
  44. @RVsmtown on Twitter (May 29, 2019)
  45. Soompi: Red Velvet's Irene And Seulgi Unveil Eerie New Teasers For Unit Debut With "Monster"
  46. Soompi: SM Entertainment Confirms Wendy’s Partial Return To Red Velvet’s Activities Following Hiatus
  47. Soompi: Red Velvet To Sing For OST Of Upcoming Drama “Start-Up”
  48. Soompi: Red Velvet’s Wendy Confirmed To Be Preparing For Solo Debut
  49. Red Velvet on Twitter: WENDY 웬디 The 1st Mini Album Like Water 2021.04.05. 6PM KST (March 24, 2021)
  50. Soompi: Red Velvet’s Joy Confirmed To Make Solo Debut With Remake Album
  51. Soompi: Update: Red Velvet Confirmed To Make Summer Comeback
  52. Red Velvet Welcomes You To Their Magical “Queendom” In Long-Awaited Comeback MV

Official links