Born in Goyang City, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea, he was an only child. He attended Sewon High School and, at Konkuk University, he was a film major.
Before JB made his debut as a singer, he starred in the KBS drama Dream High as a backup dancer. He then landed the role of the main character in Dream High 2 alongside one of his group members, Jinyoung. Even after he made his debut as a singer, he starred in MBC's When a Man Falls in Love and in Naver TVCast's Dream Knight.
He won first place at a JYP open audition and was then given the stage name JB due to him sharing the same name as the famous singer, Yim Jae-Beom, who was his senior. With his group member Jinyoung, he made up the duo known as JJ Project. On the December 24, 2013, he and Jinyoung were made a part of the 7-member group GOT7. He became the group's leader and lead vocalist.
- Baek A Yeon - "Just Because" (2016)
- Primary - "Hush" (2017)
- Jomalone - "Celebrate" (with Yonko) (2017)
- Deepshower - "Higher" (2018)
- "Dream High 2 OST" ("New Dreaming" with Park Seo Joon, "Together" with Jiyeon) (2012)
- "Dream Knight OST" ("Forever Love") (2015)
- "The Package OST" ("U&I" with Jackson) (2017)
- "The Hyena on the Keyboard OST Part. 4 ("Rainy") (2018)
- Dream High 2 (KBS2, 2012)
- When a Man Falls in Love (MBC, 2013)
- Dream Knight (Youku Tudou, 2015)
- Prison Life of Fools (tvN, 2019) - main host
- He composed the song "Bad Behavior" for the album GOT ♡. He also contributed to the album Mad Winter Edition by writing the song "Everyday". He has also written and composed for Flight Log: Departure and Flight Log: Turbulence.
- His musical Inspirations are: Bruno Mars, Michael Jackson, India Arie, D'Angelo and Javier.
- He can speak some Japanese.
- He was involved in a minor car accident in 2014.
- He had a spinal disc injury that made him unable to participate in some of GOT7's Fly Tour concerts and an M!Countdown performance.