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Be MY æ! Hello, we are aespa!
(Be MY æ! 안녕하세요, 에스파입니다!)


aespa (에스파; also stylized as æspa) is a four-member girl group under SM Entertainment. They debuted on November 17, 2020 with the digital single "Black Mamba".

Their name is a combination of "æ", which means 'Avatar X Experience', and "aspect", which means double-sided. Together it means that you would being able to experience a new world through an avatar of yourself.[2]


Pre-debut activities[]

On September 19, 2016, Ningning was revealed as a new member of the trainee team SMROOKIES. She appeared on the "Rookies Princess: Who's the Best?" segment of the program "My SMT" in 2016 and was also part of the soundtrack for the Korean animated TV program "Shining Star" in 2017.[3]

On February 2019, Karina appeared in Taemin's "Want" music video. She also performed with him on music shows in the following weeks.

2020: Debut with "Black Mamba", fandom name[]

AESPA performing on The Show 2020

The group performing at SBS MTV's The Show on November 24, 2020

On October 26, 2020, an intro video was released on aespa's social media announcing their name and logo.[4] Later that day, it was announced that SM would be debuting a new girl group in November.[2][5] The next day, the group's first member, Winter, was officially revealed.[6][7] On October 28, the second member, Karina, was revealed.[8][9] The same day, a video shown during a press conference featuring Lee Soo-Man revealed the group will have four members, including Giselle and Ningning.[10] On October 29, Ningning was officially revealed as the group's third member.[11][12] On October 30, Giselle was revealed as the group's fourth and final member.[13][14]

On November 2, it was announced the group would debut on November 17 with the digital single "Black Mamba",[5][15][16] The music video for the song counted 21,4225,062 views in its first day, breaking the record for most viewed music videos in the first 24 hours by a K-pop group in its debut, which was previously held by ITZY with the song "Dalla Dalla".[17]

AESPA at MBC Gayo Daejejeon Backstage

The group at MBC's Gayo Daejejeon backstage on December 31, 2020

On November 17, on their debut day, the group's fanclub name was announced to be "MY (마이)" which is the word used to mean "the most precious friend" in KWANGYA where aespa's avatar æ lives.[18]

2021 (1): First music show win, "Forever", and "Next Level"[]

Aespa GIVENCHY 2021

The group for GIVENCHY in February 2021

On January 8, 2021, the music video for "Black Mamba" hit 100 million views, which took only 51 days and 12 hours to achieve, setting the new record in K-pop history as the debut MV to garner 100 million views in the shortest time period.[19][20] On January 14, a Forbes article mentioned that the group is expected to put out new music early into 2021 with all signs pointing to additional international activities.[21] Three days later, the group won their first music show win with "Black Mamba" on SBS's Inkigayo.[22][23] On January 29, the hashtag #늘_네_옆에_난_서있을게 (#I_will_always_stand_by_your_side) was promoted by the group's official Twitter account, and it was later revealed that the group would release a surprise single "Forever" on February 5. The single is a remake of the song of the same name by Yoo Young Jin from the SMTOWN album Winter Vacation In SMTOWN.Com.[24][25] On February 4, SM Entertainment announced that the group would release a series of performances for the single in the following days with various concepts.[26][27]

On March 15, an economic analysis by SM Entertainment revealed that a virtual show in conjunction with the group's "æ-avatars" is expected for the year. Lee Kihoon, a researcher at the Hana Financial Group, also adds that the debut process of the group was largely responsible for making SM the most innovative company in the current era of the "metauniverses".[28] Four days later, aespa was one of the two k-pop groups chosen by People magazine in the list "Emerging Artists Making Their Mark on the Musical Landscape in 2021". According to the article, the group was currently preparing to be able to release their first mini album during the South Korean summer.[29] On April 6, it was reaffirmed again in an article from "Just Jared" that the group are set to release new music in the summer.[30]

Aespa group photo at Next Level press conference

aespa at a press conference for "Next Level" on May 17, 2021

On May 4, SM Entertainment confirmed that aespa are preparing for a May comeback. The exact dates will be released once finalized.[31] On the midnight of May 6, a teaser was posted via the group's social medias announcing the group's comeback entitled "Next Level".[32] Later that same day, it was confirmed that aespa would be coming back with their third digital single titled "Next Level" on May 17.[33] The song is a remake of the song of the same name from the original soundtrack of the movie "Fast & Furious: Hobbs e Shaw".[34] On May 15, the first video showing the worldview story of the group was released through the group's official YouTube channel.[35][36] Two days later, it was revealed during the press conference for "Next Level" that the group plans to release their first full-length album soon.[37]

2021 (2): Savage, and "Dreams Come True"[]

Aespa CLIO August 2021 (2)

The group for CLIO in August 2021

On July 14, Winter appeared in Kangta's "Free To Fly 2021" music video.[38] On the same day it was announced that the group would collaborate with the game “Eternal Return” by Kakao Games, launching a music video in partnership with the company and also making a presentation at the game's opening ceremony.[39] On July 23, it was announced that the group had signed with CAA (Creative Artists Agency) to handle its activities in the United States.[40][41]

Aespa Vogue Singapore (October 2021) (3)

The group for Vogue Singapore in October 2021

On September 10, SM Entertainment’s subsidiary EDM label ScreaM Records announced the release of “IScreaM Vol.10 : Next Level Remixes" on September 14.[42] Four days later, the first teaser for the group's second comeback with Savage was revealed. Later that same day, SM Entertainment confirmed that the release was the group's first mini-album which would be released on October 5, with six songs of various genres including the title track of the same name.[43] An online showcase entitled SYNK DIVE: aespa Savage SHOWCASE was held on the same day.[44] On October 5, it was revealed that the album had already reached the milestone of 400,000 copies sold during its pre-order.[45] The title song "Savage" reached the top of all major Korean digital charts.[46]

On October 17, Billboard announced Savage debuted at number 20 on the US Billboard 200 album chart,[47] the highest ranking ever for a K-pop girl group's debut on the chart.[48] On October 21, it was reported that the album had sold 513,292 copies within 15 days of its release.[49]

Aespa Visionary Awards 2021 (December 1, 2021)

aespa receiving their Visionary Award at the CJ ENM Center on December 1, 2021.

On November 1, it was announced that the group would participate in "Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade" in New York, thus becoming the first female K-Pop group to perform on the parade.[50] Three days later, it was announced that the group would participate in SM’s remastering project and release their own version of S.E.S.’s "Dreams Come True" before the end of 2021.[51] On November 23, it was also announced that the group was the only girl group selected by CJ ENM as one of six '2021 Visionaries' in the K-entertainment industry. The group was selected for breaking the traditional “fan culture” through avatars/metaverse and opening up new possibilities in the industry.[52]

Aespa at the Mnet Asian Music Awards 2021 Red Carpet on December 11, 2021

aespa at Mnet Asian Music Awards Red Carpet on December 11, 2021

On December 10, it was announced that the group would be part of the winter album 2021 Winter SMTOWN : SMCU Express as part of SMTOWN, the album will be released on December 27, 2021.[53] On December 11 it was revealed that the music video for the group's version of "Dreams Come True" would be released on December 20 as part of the project.[54] Two days later, the first teaser image for "Dreams Come True" was revealed.[55] On the same day it was revealed that on December 23, a video would be released in partnership with YouTube Originals showing the re-creation of the song with the participation of the singer BoA who was the producer, choreographer and art director from the single and Bada from S.E.S.[56][57] On December 23, it was revealed that Giselle and Ningning would collaborate on 2021 Winter SMTOWN: SMCU EXPRESS, Giselle on "Zoo" with Taeyong, Jeno, Hendery & Yang Yang from NCT, and Ningning on "Snowy Dream 2021" with Yeri from Red Velvet, Haechan, Chenle & Jisung from NCT.[58] On December 27, it was revealed that Karina and Winter would be part of the new unit "GOT the beat" from the project Girls On Top alongside BoA, Taeyeon & Hyoyeon from Girls' Generation and Wendy & Seulgi from Red Velvet making their debut with the digital single "Step Back" on January 3, 2022.[59][60][61][62]

2022: Coachella debut, international expansion, Girls and "Beautiful Christmas"[]

Aespa at SMTOWN LIVE 2022 SMCU Express Kwangya January 1 2022

aespa performing their smash hit single "Next Level" at SMTOWN Live 2022 : SMCU Express@Kwangya on January 1, 2022

On January 8, the group became the first artist ever to win the Artist of the Year award at the Golden Disc Awards.[63][64]

On March 25, it was reported that Winter and Ningning would sing an OST for the tvN drama Our Blues.[65]

Aespa TIME (May 2022)

aespa for TIME Magazine in May 2022

On April 19, SM Entertainment confirmed that aespa would perform in the second week of the 2022 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival on April 23 as part of 88rising's Head in the Clouds Forever showcase, becoming the third K-pop girl group to perform at the festival along with BLACKPINK and 2NE1.[66] The group performed "aenergy", "Black Level", "Savage", "Next Level", and an English version of the unreleased song "Life's Too Short", which will be included in their upcoming album.[67]

On May 12, the group was included in TIME Magazine's Next Generation Leaders list.[68][69] On May 27, the group was also included on Forbes' "30 Under 30" list in the Entertainment and Sports category.[70]

Aespa SMCU - aespa 'ep

The group at SMCU - aespa 'ep. 2 Next Level' Premiere @ KWANGYA at the SM Entertainment building in Changwon on June 19, 2022.

On the midnight of June 1, the group released through their social networks a video revealing that the title of their second mini album would be Girls and would be released on July 8, 2022.[71][72] Later that day, it was announced that aespa had signed a contract with American label Warner Records for their global promotions, becoming the first K-pop group to do so.[1] The group's first English single, "Life's Too Short" would be released on June 24. Also on June 1, aespa released the song "Illusion" as a pre-release for their upcoming second mini-album and was selected as Apple Music's 'Up Next' artist for June.[73] On June 2, the group announced their first ever Japanese showcase tour, titled aespa Japan Premium Showcase 2022 ~ Synk ~, which will be held on August 6 and August 7 at Pia Arena MM in Yokohama, Japan.[74] Five days later, on June 7, Live Nation announced via Twitter that aespa would be holding a North American showcase, titled aespa Showcase Synk in LA, on June 26 and June 27 at the YouTube Theater in Los Angeles, California.[75] Six days later, it was reported that physical pre-order sales for Girls exceeded 1 million copies, marking only the second time in K-pop history that a girl group has done so.[76] On June 20, 2022, the group released the second episode of their SM Culture Universe worldview, titled "Next Level", the episode is 17 minutes long and was released on the group's official YouTube channel.[77] Four days later, on June 24, the group announced their first fanmeeting 2022 aespa Fan Meeting : My SYNK. aespa, which is to be held on July 30, 2022 at SK Olympic Handball Gymnasium offline and online via Beyond LIVE.[78]

On July 1, it was reported that aespa would be attending the UN '2022 High-Level Political Forum for sustainable development' on July 5.[79] Along with making a speech regarding the importance of sustainable development, the group performed their hit single "Next Level".[80]

Aespa Girls group concept photo (4)

Concept photo for Girls

A week later, a day prior to the album's release, it was revealed that pre-order sales for Girls had exceeded 1.6 million copies, the highest pre-order number ever recorded for an album by a Korean girl group.[81] The album made its debut at #1 on the Circle Album Chart for the week of July 3-July 9 with 1,426,487 copies sold, becoming the biggest female debut in the chart's history[82] Girls is the best selling album by a girl group on Hanteo with 1,426,687 copies sold. aespa is the first female artist to have an album sell over 1 million copies in a week.[83][84]

On November 25, SM C&C announced that aespa's first reality show, aespa Synk Road, will begin airing on December 14 through Waave. The reality show was filmed in Donghae and Pyeongchang, Gangwon-do, South Korea.[85]

On December 9, it was announced that aepsa will be releasing a collaboration single, "Beautiful Christmas", with Red Velvet on December 14. The song will also be featured on SMTOWN's ninth winter album, 2022 Winter SMTOWN : SMCU Palace.[86]

2023: First concert tour, "Hold On Tight", "Welcome To My World", My World, "Better Things", "Zoom Zoom", Drama, "Jingle Bell Rock"[]

Aespa 2023 aespa 1st Concert SYNK Hyper Line in Tokyo (April 2, 2023)

aespa performing at Yoyogi National Stadium First Gymnasium in Tokyo on April 2, 2023 as part of the 2023 aespa 1st Concert 'SYNK : Hyper Line'.

On December 1, 2022, it was announced via the group's official Japanese website that they will hold their first-ever Japanese tour, tentatively titled Aespa Live Tour 2023 in Japan, from March 13 through April 30, 2023.[87] Later, on January 20, a poster revealed through the official social medias announced the group will hold their first concert tour, titled 2023 aespa 1st Concert 'SYNK : Hyper Line'. That same day, an update on Aespa's official Japanese website announced that the previous announced concert dates were part of the aforementioned tour.[88][89]

On January 17, it was announced that Aespa will perform on the second day of the Governors Ball music festival on June 10, becoming the first-ever K-pop group to do so.[90]

On March 16, Star News reported that aespa will be releasing an album in early May. An hour later, SM confirmed the reports.[91]

On March 17, it was revealed that aespa would be releasing a new song, "Hold On Tight", for the original soundtrack of the upcoming Apple TV+ film Tetris on March 31.[92]

On April 14, Spot TV News reported that aespa will be having their comeback on May 8 and that they are in the final preparations.[93] Later on that day, SM confirmed the reports and added that the promotion schedule will be announced soon.[94] On April 17, it was announced that aespa will be releasing their third mini album, My World, on May 8.[95] A pre-release single for the album titled, "Welcome To My World", was released on May 2.[96]

On June 15, SM Entertainment revealed to Ilgan Sports that Giselle's health has improved and that she will be retuning to group activities.[97]

On July 31, it was announced that aespa will be releasing the English digital single, "Better Things", on August 18.[98]

On September 7, it was announced that aespa will release their first Japanese OST single "Zoom Zoom" for the anime BEYBLADE X on October 6.[99]

On October 11, it was announced that aespa will be releasing their fourth mini album, Drama, on November 10.[100]

On November 22, it was announced that aespa will be releasing a new version of "Jingle Bell Rock" on November 24.[101]

2024: "Regret of the Times (2024 aespa Remake Version)", "Get Goin'", "Supernova", Armageddon, Japanese debut[]

Through SM Entertainment's 3Q23 earning release, it was revealed that aespa will be releasing an English full-length album and a single in early 2024.[102]

On January 8, 2024, SM Entertainment announced that aespa will release the digital single "Regret of the Times (2024 aespa Remake Version)" as part of the STATION project.[103]

On February 8, SM Entertaiment revealed that aespa will be releasing their first full-length album in the second half of the year.[104]

On March 7, it was revealed that aespa would be releasing a new song, "Get Goin'", for the original soundtrack of the upcoming Apple TV+ series Fraggle Rock: Back to the Rock - Season 2 on March 29.[105]

On March 20, Rolling Stone revealed that aespa will appear on the EP inspired by the characters from the Netflix film Rebel Moon – Part Two: The Scargiver.[106]

On March 27, news outlet Ilgan Sports reported that aespa is preparing for a May comeback. In response, SM Entertainment stated that nothing has been confirmed yet and will reveal the detailed schedule later.[107] On April 22, aespa unveiled the intro video teaser for their first full-length album Armageddon, which will be released on May 27.[108] "Supernova" will be pre-released on May 13.[109]

On May 8, SM Entertainment announced that aespa will be releasing a Japanese single in the third quarter of the year.[110] On May 20, aespa announced that they will debut in Japan with the single "Hot Mess" on July 3.[111]


The members have no official and exact fixed positions, except the leader.

Name Avatar Symbol[112] Position(s)[113][114] Years active
English Korean Japanese
Karina 카리나 カリナ æ-Karina 💙 Leader, Dancer, Rapper, Vocalist, Visual[115] 2020–present
Giselle 지젤 ジゼル æ-Giselle 🌙 Rapper, Vocalist 2020–present
Winter 윈터 ウィンター æ-Winter Vocalist, Dancer, Visual 2020–present
Ningning 닝닝 ニンニン æ-Ningning 🦋 Vocalist, Maknae 2020–present



Studio albums[]

Mini albums[]

Digital singles[]

Remix singles[]




Digital singles[]

Remix singles[]






World tours[]

Showcase tours[]

Concert participation[]




  • aespa: World Tour in Cinemas (2024)

Web series[]

Reality shows[]

  • aespa Synk Road (Wavve, 2022)

Variety shows[]

SMCU Episodes[]

  • SMCU Ep.1 - Black Mamba (2021)
  • SMCU Ep.2 - Next Level (2022)
  • SMCU Ep.3 - Girls (Don't you know I'm a Savage?) (2022)


  • aespa 1st Concert [SYNK : Hyper Line] Photobook (2024)


On February 10, 2021, it was announced that the group became an ambassador of the French luxury house Givenchy, presenting the collections and major lines of Givenchy creative director Matthew M. Williams.[123] On August 6, 2021, it was announced that the group has been selected to be the new model for Clio Cosmetics.[124] On August 20, 2021, the group's first commercial film for Clio was released.[125] On August 19, 2021, Mediheal posted a teaser citing "Kwangya" in its caption, hinting that the group would soon be unveiled as new models for the brand.[126] They were officially announced as the new models for Mediheal on August 24, 2021,[127] On August 26, 2021, the group was announced as the new advertising model for outdoor brand Eider.[128] On the same day, SM Entertainment stated that the group has been chosen as advertisement models for various industries including gaming, banking, beauty, apparel, and telecommunications.[129] On November 23, 2021, the group was announced by Beauty as the new muses for the Italian fragrance label ‘Acqua di Parma’.[130] On August 17, 2022, the group was announced as a new model for Lotte Duty Free.[131]

  • Givenchy (2021–present)
  • Eternal Return (2021)
  • Clio (2021-2022)
  • Mediheal (2021–present)
  • Eider (2021)
  • KB Kookmin Bank (2021–present)
  • Acqua di Parma (2021)
  • MLB (2022)
  • TAMS Zero (2022)
  • Lotte Duty Free (2022)
  • Chopard (2022)[132]
  • Intel (2022)
  • Sotheby's Metaverse (2022)
  • Pokémon Go (2024)[133]

Awards and nominations[]

Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Aespa


  • Each member has a digital version of themselves, referred to as avatars.[134]
  • Ningning is a former Let's Sing Kids 3 contestant and was apart of 2016 SM Rookies
  • Aespa is the first half human half virtual girl group


Main article: aespa/Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 에스파, 美 시장 본격 진출..SMX워너 레코드 손잡았다
  2. 2.0 2.1 SM TOWN: SM new girl group "aespa" debut in November!
  3. Soompi: SMROOKIES Introduces 2 New Female Trainees
  4. YouTube: aespa 에스파: INTRO
  5. 5.0 5.1 (KR) Daum: SM 新 걸그룹 에스파 11월 데뷔, NCT 후 4년만 신인(공식)
  6. @aespa_official on Twitter (October 26, 2020)
  7. SMTOWN: WINTER, The First Member of SM's New Girl Group "aespa" Has Been Revealed!
  8. @aespa_Offical on Twitter (October 27, 2020)
  9. SMTOWN: KARINA, the second member of SMs new girl group "aespa" has been revealed!
  10. Koreaboo: aespa X Vocaloid - SM Entertainment's New Girl Group Will Combine Real And Avatar Members
  11. @aespa_official on Twitter (October 28, 2020)
  12. SMTOWN: NINGNING, the third member of SM's new girl group "aespa" has been revealed
  13. @aespa_official on Twitter (October 30, 2020)
  14. SMTOWN: GISELLE, the fourth member of SM's new girl group "aespa" has been revealed!
  15. (KR) Xports News: SM 신인 걸그룹 에스파, 11월 17일 데뷔 확정…타이틀곡은 '블랙맘바' [공식입장]
  16. SMTOWN: SM Entertainment's new girl group "aespa" to debut on November 17th with their first digital single "Black Mamba"!
  17. Koreaboo: aespa Breaks All-Time Record For K-Pop Debut Music Video Views With “Black Mamba”
  18. V Live: 공지 aespa OFFICIAL FANCLUB “MY(마이)” 오픈 안내
  19. Strait Times: New girl group Aespa's Black Mamba becomes fastest K-pop debut music video to get 100m views on YouTube
  20. Soompi: aespa’s “Black Mamba” Becomes Fastest K-Pop Group Debut MV To Hit 100 Million Views
  21. Forbes: Aespa Break Out Among New K-Pop Acts With 100 Million Views On Debut Music Video
  22. (KR) Star News: SM rookie aespa, number one for the first time.Yubin → Kim Soo-chan's comeback
  23. (KR) Hankook Ilbo:"INKIGAYO." aespa, number one with Black Mamba.
  24. (KR) Daum: 에스파, 2월 5일 싱글 'Forever' 깜짝 발매..유영진 곡 리메이크
  25. aespa on Twitter:"에스파, 2월 5일 싱글 ‘Forever’ 깜짝 공개! 히트메이커 유영진 원곡 리메이크! 따뜻한 겨울 감성 선사!"
  26. SMTOWN: aespa, new song 'Forever' +MV released at 6 PM on the 5th!
  27. SMTOWN: aespa remake song ‘Forever’ performance video will be released on 6th, on YouTube!
  28. "실적부터 챙겨라"…SM 향한 증권가의 '혹평'
  29. People Magazine: Meet the Talented Emerging Artists Making Their Mark on the Musical Landscape in 2021
  30. JUST JARED: Get to Know 'Black Mamba' K-Pop Girl Group aespa With These 10 Fun Facts! (Exclusive)
  31. (KR) Daum: 에스파, 5월 컴백 공식
  32. aespa on Twitter:"aespa 에스파 〖Next Level〗"
  33. (KR) Newsen: 에스파 컴백 확정, 17일 신곡 ‘Next Level’ 발매(공식)
  34. (KR) V Live: 📰 에스파, 신곡 ‘Next Level’ 오늘 공개! 오후 8시 네이버 V 라이브로 팬들과 소통 예고!
  35. YouTube: aespa 에스파 'ep1. Black Mamba' - SM Culture Universe
  36. (KR) V Live: 📰 ‘컴백’ 에스파, 세계관 스토리 담은 SMCU 영상 공개! SF 영화 연상케 하는 스케일 화제!
  37. (KR) Naver: "조만간"...에스파, 깜짝 정규 앨범 발매 예고
  38. (KR) Naver Blog - SMTOWN: ★데뷔 25주년★ 강타의 특별한 선물,'자유롭게 날 수 있도록 2021'
  39. (KR) Game Chosun: 카카오게임즈 ‘이터널 리턴 X 에스파’, 다음게임 론칭 티저 공개
  40. CAA Signs K-pop Phenoms Aespa In All Areas
  41. Soompi: aespa Signs With Creative Artists Agency “In All Areas”
  42. (KR) Star Money Today: 'iScreaM' 프로젝트, 에스파 'Next Level' 리믹스 싱글 14일 공개
  43. (KR) MK Sports: 에스파, 첫 미니앨범 ‘Savage’ 10월 5일 발매(공식)
  44. (KR) StarMoney Today: "에스파, 10월 5일 전세계 온라인 쇼케이스 개최 공식"
  45. (KR) Sedaily: '컴백' 에스파 첫 미니앨범 'Savage' 선주문량 40만장 돌파
  46. (KR) MyDaily: 에스파, 신곡 '새비지'로 2연속 멜론 일간 1위…'신흥 음원퀸' 입증
  47. Billboard Charts on Twitter (October 17, 2021)
  48. (KR) SMTOWN: ‘Savage’ 신드롬! 에스파 美 빌보드 10개 차트 입성!
  49. (KR) SMTOWN: 에스파, 첫 미니앨범 ‘Savage’로 발매 15일 만에 음반 판매량 51만장 돌파!
  50. (KR) Newsis: 에스파, 美 대규모 추수감사절 축제 참석…"K팝 걸그룹 최초"
  51. (KR) Hankyung: 에스파 "S.E.S. 노래 듣고 자라…'드림스 컴 트루' 리마스터링 영광"
  52. (KR) munhwa: "누구도 인정할 수밖에 없는 ‘비저너리’ 선정… ‘K-어워즈’ 싹 틔우나"
  53. (KR) Newsen: SM, 12월 27일 10년만 겨울음반 발매→1월 1일 합동 콘서트 무료 생중계
  54. SMTOWN on Twitter: "SMTOWN 2022 : SMCU EXPRESS - Departure Information"
  55. (KR) Starmoneytoday: "에스파, S.E.S 'Dreams Come True' 재해석..보아 프로듀싱공식"
  56. SMTOWN on Twitter: YouTube Originals "Re:MASTERPIECE" Poster
  57. SMTOWN on Twitter: aespa’s ‘Dreams Come True’ Youtube Original Contents to be released on the 23th! Stay tuned for the story of a remake song and surprise appearance of ‘original singer’ BADA!
  58. Newsen (KR): 발라드→막내라인 '2021 Winter SMTOWN' 이색 컬래버레이션
  59. Allkpop: SM Entertainment reveals female supergroup Girls On Top featuring BoA and members of aespa, Red Velvet, and Girls' Generation
  60. Girls On Top on Twitter: "GOT the beat(GOT:Girls On Top) Special Stage ➫ 2022.01.01 New Song Release ➫ 2022.01.03. 6PM KST
  61. Sedaily: SM 새 걸그룹 티저 공개...新 프로젝트 '걸스 온 탑(GOT)'
  62. Naver: '보아→윈터' SM 新유닛 GOT the beat, 신곡 'Step Back' 1월 3일 공개
  63. (KR) Heraldpop: "방탄소년단·아이유, 음반·음원 대상 영예..NCT 127→세븐틴 본상(종합)"
  65. (KR) TvDaily: 에스파 윈터X닝닝, '우리들의 블루스' OST 가창자 참여
  66. (KR) News1: 에스파, 美 코첼라 메인 스테이지 초청…K팝 걸그룹 최초
  67. Rolling Stone: Aespa Make Their Coachella Debut With Hotly Anticipated Set
  68. TIME's Next Generation Leaders
  69. How K-Pop Group aespa Is Making the Metaverse Their Home
  70. Forbes 30 Under 30 2022: Entertainment & Sports
  71. aespa on Twitter: aespa 에스파 The 2nd Mini Album 〖Girls〗➫ 2022.07.08
  72. Soompi: Watch: aespa Announces Comeback Date With Intriguing 1st Teaser For “Girls”
  73. Allkpop: aespa drops 'Illusion' from their 2nd mini album 'Girls' + selected as Apple Music's 'Up Next' artist for June
  74. Aespa Japan Official (JPN): aespa初来日イベント『aespa JAPAN PREMIUM SHOWCASE 2022 〜SYNK〜』 開催決定!
  75. (KR) iPlusJoins: 에스파, 26일 美 LA서 쇼케이스
  76. Naver News (KOR): 에스파, 미니 2집 앨범 ‘Girls’ 선주문량 100만장 돌파
  77. (KR) SporTV News: 광야로 떠난 에스파…SMCU 세계관 영상, 모든 것이 '넥스트 레벨'
  78. (KR) Herald Pop: 에스파, 7월 첫 대면 팬미팅 개최..'Girls' 발매까지 활동 신호탄
  79. SMTOWN on Twitter: aespa will be attending the UN '2022 High-Level Political Forum for sustainable development' on July 5! (July 1, 2022)
  80. OSEN (Kor): 에스파, UN '2022 지속가능발전 고위급 포럼'서 영어 스피치
  81. Allkpop: aespa's 'Girls' sets a new all-time high in pre-orders for any K-Pop girl group at over 1.6 million copies
  82. (KR) StarMoneyToday: "발매 첫주 142만장!" 에스파, 걸그룹 최초 초동 밀리언셀러 등극
  83. (Wayback Machine): Hanteo - The Hall of Fame
  84. Soompi: aespa Becomes Artist With 6th-Highest 1st-Week Sales In Hanteo History, Quadrupling Their Previous Record
  85. (KR) Naver: 에스파 리얼리티가 온다…'싱크로드' 12월 14일 첫 공개
  86. Soompi: Red Velvet And aespa Unveil Teasers For 1st-Ever Collab With “Beautiful Christmas” For “SMCU PALACE”
  87. Aespa Official Japanese Website (JPN): aespa日本オフィシャルファンクラブ「MY-J」開設 & 日本ツアー開催決定!
  88. @aespa_official on Twitter: January 20, 2023)
  89. Aespa Official Japanese Website (JPN): 日本ライブツアータイトル決定 & ポスター公開!
  90. Soompi: aespa Confirmed To Perform At The Governors Ball 2023 In New York
  91. Soompi: aespa Confirmed To Make Spring Comeback
  92. Soompi: aespa To Release New Song For Soundtrack Of Taron Egerton’s Upcoming Film “Tetris”
  93. (KR) Daum: (단독)에스파, 5월 8일 새 앨범 발표...가요계 컴백대전 평정 예고
  94. Soompi: aespa Confirms May Comeback Date
  95. @aespa_official on Twitter (April 17, 2023
  96. (KR) Daum: 에스파가 돌아온다! 5월 8일 'MY WORLD' 컴백 확정(공식)
  97. Soompi: aespa’s Giselle To Resume Activities After Resting For Health Reasons
  98. Soompi: Watch: aespa Announces August Return + Drops 1st Teasers For “Better Things”
  99. @aespaJPofficial on Twitter (September 7, 2023)
  100. Soompi: Watch: aespa Announces November Comeback Date With Exciting 1st Teaser For "Drama"
  101. Soompi: aespa To Release Holiday Single “Jingle Bell Rock” This Week
  102. SM Entertainment Earning Release 3Q23
  103. Soompi: aespa To Release Remake Of Seo Taiji’s “Regret Of The Times”
  104. Soompi: SM Entertainment Reveals Comeback Plans And Concerts For 2024
  105. Soompi: Watch: aespa To Guest Star In “Fraggle Rock: Back To The Rock” Season 2; Drops Teaser For New OST Song
  106. Soompi: aespa To Release New Song For “Rebel Moon – Part 2: The Scargiver” EP
  107. Soompi: aespa Reported To Make May Comeback + SM Briefly Responds
  108. Soompi: Watch: aespa Announces Comeback Date With Epic Teaser For 1st Full Album "Armageddon"
  109. (KR) Newsen: “역대급 스케일” 에스파 첫 정규앨범 ‘Armageddon’ 5월27일 발매[공식]
  110. Soompi: SM Entertainment Announces Comeback Plans For 2nd And 3rd Quarter Of 2024
  111. (JP) aespa Japanese Website: aespa日本デビュー決定!!日本デビューシングル「Hot Mess」を7月3日(水)にリリース!!予約、Pre Add & Pre Saveは6月3日(月)スタート!!
  112. *Can be seen in each of the members' SYNK video
  113. Melon Magazine: 우리 좀 더 친해질까요? aespa TMI 대방출!
  114. (KR) Xports News: 차세대 '메인'은 바로 나…4세대 대표 보컬·춤·비주얼은? 4세대 아이돌
  115. During episode 303 of Knowing Bros, Karina introduced herself as the Visual-Leader.
  116. Soompi: aespa Drops Dates And Cities For Upcoming “SYNK : PARALLEL LINE” Tour
  117. Soompi: aespa And THE BOYZ Announced For 2024 Krazy Super Concert In Los Angeles
  118. Soompi: (G)I-DLE And aespa To Perform At 2024 MLB World Tour: Seoul Series
  119. Soompi: "K-Wave Concert Inkigayo" Announces 1st Performer Lineup
  120. Soompi: "Music Bank In Madrid" Announces Lineup For 2024
  121. aespa on Twitter (October 19, 2023)
  122. Soompi: Watch: aespa To Guest Star In “Fraggle Rock: Back To The Rock” Season 2; Drops Teaser For New OST Song
  123. SMTOWN: aespa to be the ambassador of ‘GIVENCHY’ for the first time as K-POP artists!
  124. (KR) FnNews: 클리오, 브랜드 새 모델에 '에스파' 전격 발탁
  125. 클리오 CLIO_official on Twitter: "CLIO X aespa"
  126. 메디힐 (mediheal_official): #NEW_MODEL 2021 메디힐과 함께 광야로 걸어갈
  127. (KR) Naver: 메디힐, 새 브랜드 모델에 걸그룹 '에스파' 발탁
  128. (KR) Single List: "에스파, 아이더 뮤즈 발탁...아웃도어 넥스트 레벨 PICK"
  129. (KR) Tv Daily: "게임부터 금융ㆍ통신까지…에스파, 광고계 접수
  130. (KR) Dispatch Beauty on Instagram:"아쿠아 디 파르마 새 뮤즈 된 '에스파'"
  131. (KR) asiae: 롯데면세점, 모델로 이준호·에스파 발탁…글로벌 마케팅 재가동
  132. Soompi: aespa Named Global Ambassadors For Luxury Jewelry Brand Chopard
  133. (KR) Joy News 24: 에스파, '포켓몬GO' 광고 모델 발탁 "K팝X글로벌 게임 시너지"
  134. Soompi: SM Entertainment Has Shared a Video Called "MY, KARINA" Where aespa Member Karina Introduces The Avatar Member æ-Karina

Official links[]